2-7 June 2016
Auditorium Maximum
Europe/Warsaw timezone
14th International Workshop on Meson Production, Properties and Interaction
Home > Timetable > Session details > Contribution details

Contribution plenary talk

Auditorium Maximum - Medium lecture hall (A,B)

Light kaonic atoms

Abstract content

A kaonic atom is a Coulomb-bound system formed by a kaon, electrons, and a nucleus. Effects of the strong interaction between the kaon and atomic nucleus are experimentally extracted from characteristic x-ray-emission spectra of the most tightly bound energy levels that are the most perturbed by the strong force. Especially on the light kaonic atom studies, there are significant progress in resent years and the further experiments are scheduled in J-PARC (Japan) and DAFNE (Italy). In this talk, an overview of those experimental studies and the future plans will be given.

As for the simplest kaonic atom, so-called Kaonic hydrogen, the SIDDHARTA collaboration have recently measured the $K$-series x-rays with significant improvements over the previous experiments [1]. This measurement offers a unique possibility to determine the $KN$ $s$-wave scattering lengths, which is one of the most important observable to investigate chiral SU(3) dynamics in low-energy QCD. It is also strongly related to recent hot topics of the structure of the $\Lambda(1405)$ resonance and possible deeply bound kaonic systems. For further understanding of the $KN$ interaction, especially to disentangle the isoscalar and isovector scattering lengths, a challenging measurement of the kaonic-deuterium K-series x-rays is planed at DAFNE (SIDDHARTA2) [2] and at J-PARC hadron facility (J-PARC E57) [3].

On the other hand, the depth of $K$-nucleus potential remains still unknown because of insufficient precision of kaonic-atom data for more than $Z \geq 2$, despite of significant progress of kaonic hydrogen $(Z=1)$. This is tied closely to the puzzling situation on experimental and theoretical studies of kaonic nuclei, and is one of the greatest concerns in the recent strangeness nuclear physics [4]. Aiming to provide a breakthrough, we will perform high-resolution x-ray spectroscopy of kaonic atoms at a J-PARC hadron beamline using a novel cryogenic detector, namely superconducting transition-edge-sensor (TES) microcalorimeter, which has unprecedented high energy resolution [5-7]. Very recently, a pathfinding experiment by measuring pionic-atom x-rays was performed with a 240-pixel TES array at PSI, and the feasibility of TES-based exotic-atom x-ray spectroscopy in a hadron-beam environment was successfully demonstrated [8]. Based on the results, an ultra-high resolution x-ray spectroscopy of kaonic helium is prepared (J-PARC E62) [9]. Additionally, hadronic-atom x-ray spectroscopy has been used as a tool for measuring the charged hadron mass; we intend to improve the precision of the charged kaon mass measurement with TES spectrometers as well. This talk will also cover the new kaonic-atom project with the novel technology.

[1] SIDDHARTA collaboration, Phys. Lett. B 704 (2011) 113-117.

[2] SIDDHARTA-2 Collaboration, Proposal of Laboratori Nazionali di Frascati of INFN, The upgrade of the SIDDHARTA apparatus for an enriched scientific case, 2010.

[3] J. Zmeskal et al., Proposal for J-PARC 30-GeV Proton Synchrotron, Measurement of the strong interaction induced shift and width of the 1st state of kaonic deuterium at J-PARC (J-PARC E62), 2014.

[4] A. Gal, Nucl. Phys. A 914 (2013) 270-279.

[5] C. Ends (ed.), Cryogenic Particle Detection, Topics in Applied Physics, vol. 99, Springer, 2005.

[6] J.N. Ullom et al., Appl. Phys. Lett. 87 (2005) 194103.

[7] D.A. Bennett et al., Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83 (2012) 093113.

[8] H. Tatasuno et al., J. Low. Temp. Phys., DOI 10.1007/s10909-016-1491-2 (2016).

[9] R.S. Hayano, et al., Proposal for J-PARC 30-GeV Proton Synchrotron, Precision spectroscopy of kaonic atom X-rays with TES (J-PARC E62), 2015.